Hypertension: Causes and Symptoms

Hypertension is when blood pressure is too high. Blood pressure is written as two numbers. The first (systolic) number represents the pressure in blood vessels when the heart contracts or beats. The second (diastolic) number represents the pressure in the vessels when the heart rests between beats

Hypertension is arterial blood pressure (force exerted on the walls of the artery) that is above 140/90 mmHg. A gradual increase in hypertension can later lead to arterial stiffening, kidney disease, brain damage, etc.

What is high blood pressure?

Blood pressure is the force of your blood as it flows through the arteries in your body. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to the rest of your body. When your heart beats, it pushes blood through your arteries. As the blood flows, it puts pressure on your artery walls. This is called blood pressure.

What is the main cause of hypertension?

Common factors that can lead to high blood pressure include A diet high in salt, fat, and/or cholesterol. Chronic conditions such as kidney and hormone problems, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Family history, especially if your parents or other close relatives have high blood pressure

Symptoms of Severe High Blood Pressure

  • Severe headaches.

  • Nosebleed.

  • Fatigue or confusion.

  • Vision problems.

  • Chest pain.

  • Difficulty breathing.

  • Irregular heartbeat.

  • Blood in the urine.